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Areas Of Practice

The fees shown below are subject to change at anytime without notice, and do not include filing fees, issue fees, or maintanence fees with the USPTO, WIPO, or other international offices. The shown legal fees do not include subsequent prosecution fees. Most patent applications require that one or more office action responses be filed within three years of filing the application, for which practitioners charge extra asthe responses become necessary. Add 40% for rush service to the fees shown below. Most patent applications require a patenability search. Patent applications can generally be completed within ten (10) days when rushed fees are paid. All legal fees are shown in U.S. dollars.

Itemized Fixed Fees for IP Related Legal Services:

Domestic Patentability Search $400
Foreign Patentability Search $2,100
U.S. Provisional Patent Application $2,200
U.S. Design Patent Application $2,400
U.S. Plant Patent Application N/A
U.S. Utility Patent Application(Software): $6,100
U.S. Utility Patent Application (Simple Mechanical): $4,750
U.S. Utility Patent Application: (Complex Mechanical): $6,100
U.S. Utility Patent Application: Chemical N/A
U.S. Utility Patent Application: Electrical $6,200
U.S. Utility Patent Application(Business Method): $6,500
PCT Patent Application: $800
U.S. Office Action Response: $1,100
PCT Office Action Response: $1,250
Post-Grant Review Proceeding Contact Us
Reexamination Proceedings: $290/hour
General Patent Litigation: $190/hour
Patentability Opinion $5,500 and up
U.S. Federal Registrability Search (Word Mark): $250 
U.S. Federal Registrability Search (Design Mark): $7000 
International Trademark Search: $500
U.S. Trademark Application Preparation and Filing: $875
Office Action Response: $800
U.S. Copyright Application Filing: $225
ICANN Arbitrative Complaint (UDRP, CEDRP, Etc.): $3,200
Federal ACPA Complaint $4,400
General Litigation: $290
LLC Organization Docs & Filing (Articles and Operating Agreement): $365
Articles of Incorporation & Bylaws: $365
Partnership (LLP) formation: $365
Non-disclosure / Non-competition / Non-solicitionation Agreement: $300 
Franchise Formation and UFOC Prepartion (Excludes Registration): $9,000

Flat fee and contingency fee arrangements are available in some situations

* Filing fees for an international PCT applications is typically about $4,100 inclusive of all fees. 

General Information about Areas of Practice:


A copyright gives the creator of an original work of authorship the exclusive rights to reproduce the work and to be credited for creating it so long as it exists in a tangible medium, such as on paper, film, or disk. We can file a copyright registration for you with the U.S. Copyright Office. 


A design patent protects an ormamental design of a useful item (the way something looks). Cars, shoes, rings and computer icons are all examples. The application process is simple relative to other applications.


A utility patent is by far the most common type of patent applied for and issued. A utility patent application can be drafted to protect any human-made chemical, machine, device, system, computer program, or method or doing or making almost anything.

In the U.S., a provisional patent is a simplified patent application that reserves the right of its inventor to file a utility application for one year. In a sense, it protects an invention temporarily for one year.

A plant patent covers the creation by a human of a new variety of plant if it can reproduce asexually.

Under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), inventors can often obtain patent protection in foreign countries if a PCT application is filed with an international receiving office within one year of the first domestic patent filing.

* Please contact us for quotes and information on continuation and divisional applications.

ICANN ARBITRATION (Domain Name Disputes)

If someone has registered and is using, a domain name that is confusingly similar to your own in an abusive manner, we may be able to help you gain ownership of that domain though a quick and simple arbitration process. Click here for more information on domain name disputes. Examples of abusive behavior by others which may entitle you to gain control of their domain, include: (1) registering a domain name that is a misspelling of your domain, (2) registering a domain name that is similar enough to your domain that users looking for you are arriving at their domain by mistake, (3) designing or operating a website that mimics your website in some way that confuses users, or causes them to believe you condone or are associated with the infringing domain, and (4) embarassing you or your users by putting objectionable material on a domain name similar to yours (such as pornography). Individuals and organizations which engage in these behaviors are called cybersquatters or cyberpirates. Cyberpirates often engage in the above listed behaviors in an attempt to extort exorbitant purchaes prices for the infringing domain name out of legitmate website owners. The quasi-private authority which controls ownership of all domain names is called the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). ICANN provides a simple procedure for resolving disputes related to abusive behavior, and we can represent you in availing yourself of that procedure by initiating an arbritration proceeding. We do this by filing what is called a UDRP Complaint (or QCP or CEDRP Complaint).

In 2007, 78.8% of the 6,548 UDRP Arbitration complaints filed resulted in the complainant (the filer), gaining control of the domain name in dispute.

In addition to our fees shown above, ICANN charges a $1,300 filing fee to initiate an arbitration proceeding (single member panel).

In more egregious situations, we may also be able to file a federal lawsuit seeking damages for cyber-piracy, cybersquatting, trademark infringement, and unfair business practices.


A word mark is type of trademark that protects a distinctiveness and novelty inherent in a word or phrase itself, such as Google™ or Microsoft™. A wordmark cannot be generic or non-distinctive, such as Mall or Sports.

A design mark typically comprises a logo, symbol, design or image and is affixed to products.

A composite mark is a hybrid mark that combines elements of a wordmark and a design mark.

A service mark is associated with a service and usually used in advertising rather than affixed to a product.

Trade dress is any inherently distinctive appearance of a product or its packaging, so long as it isnonfuctional. It does not need to be registered and may include smells or certain types of sound.

Patentability Opinions

USPatentLaw can write patentability opinions on inventions you have developed or are developing.  Please call for rates.

For informational purposes, consult an attorney for legal purposes


USPatentLaw can may be able to help you with various forms of litigation, including Internet domain name disputes, patent infringement defense and prosecution, and various types of trademark litigation.  Please see our litigation subpage for more information.

For informational purposes, consult an attorney for legal purposes

Brokerage & Valuation Services

Number of Patents in Portfolio Price
1 - 10 $3,500
11 - 25 $6,500
25 - 50 $12,000
50 - 100 $25,000

For informational purposes, consult an attorney for legal purposes

Trade Secrets

Almost any collection of confidential information by a business relating to its economic viability can constitute a trade secret.  Companies can sue individuals who betray their trust after being given confidential access to trade secrets.  Examples of some information which may constitute trade secrets is summarized below:


  • Soft drink incredients
  • Ratios of butter, cheese, or alchol in recipes
  • Estimates of profitability and man hours

Techniques & Patterns

  • Methods of wiring electrical devices
  • Company created resources (tangible or intangible)
  • Performance test results


  • Office emails
  • Information about inter-office interactions
  • Customers' identities

Products & Designs

  • Source code
  • Schematics
  • Marketing strategies
  • Photos
  • Blue prints
  • Devices created for employees
  • Database files

Other Examples

  • Methods of: 
    • Fishing
    • Disposing trash
    • Selling watches
    • Airbrush photos
    • Designing software
  • Processes of:
    • Treating mentally ill patients
    • Polishing metal
    • Manufacturing boats
    • Generating electricity
  • Ratios of:
    • Raw materials
    • Equipment and men needed for construction projects
  • Test pilot opinions on aircraft prototypes
  • Opinions of lawyers and consultants
  • Voter demographic info
  • Locations of oil or acquifers
  • Driving and patroling patterns of police and security personnel.
  • Legal Documents

For informational purposes, consult an attorney for legal purposes

Confidentiality, Non-complete, & Non-solicitation

USPatentLaw may be able to help you enforce soft IP rights stemming from certain types of contracts, including:

  • Non-disclosure Agreements (Confidentiality)
  • Non-solicitation Agreements
  • Non-compete Agreements

For informational purposes, consult an attorney for legal purposes


Nothing on this web site is legal advice and nothing creates an attorney-client relationship. This website is no substitute for the legal counsel of a lawyer or registered patent attorney. Links to other web sites are provided for your convenience and educational purposes. Material presented on this web site is presented on an “as is” basis and may not be accurate. Any representation to the contrary is expressly disclaimed. Use this website is at your risk. We are not liable for any damages caused by use of